Buying an real estate in North Macedonia: A Comprehensive Guide

Buying an real estate in North Macedonia: A Comprehensive Guide


Purchasing a property is a significant decision that necessitates careful consideration and legal formalities. The Purchase Agreement serves as the cornerstone document, transferring ownership from the seller to the buyer. This guide will delve into the process of buying an apartment in North Macedonia and highlight crucial aspects to consider within the Purchase Agreement. Its valuable to mention that there are not limitations for foreigners to own a real estate in Macedonia

The Process of Buying an real estate in North Macedonia

  1. Finding an Apartment: The initial step involves locating an apartment that aligns with your needs and preferences. Utilize real estate agencies, online listings, or personal connections to identify suitable options.
  2. Negotiations and Purchase Agreement Preparation: Once you’ve found your desired apartment, engage in negotiations with the seller regarding the price and other terms. Consider seeking legal counsel from a real estate attorney to assist in the process and draft the Purchase Agreement.
  3. Legal Status Verification: Prior to signing the Purchase Agreement, it is essential to verify the legal status of the apartment. This entails confirming the seller’s legal ownership, checking for any encumbrances on the property, and identifying potential pre-emptive rights held by other parties.
  4. Notarization and Tax Payment: The Purchase Agreement must be notarized to attain legal validity. Upon finalizing the agreement, the buyer is responsible for paying property tax, typically ranging from 2% to 4% of the property’s value.
  5. Registration : The final step involves registering the ownership in the Agency for land and Real Estate (AKN). This process officially establishes the buyer as the legal owner of the property.

Key Elements to Consider in the Purchase Agreement

  1. Personal Information of Seller and Buyer: The agreement should clearly state the full names, addresses, and identification numbers of both the seller and the buyer.
  2. Property Description: The agreement should provide a detailed description of the apartment, including its size, number of rooms, location within the building, features, and whether it includes a garage or storage space.
  3. Purchase Price and Payment Method: The agreement should clearly outline the purchase price and the agreed-upon payment method. This could involve a one-time payment, installment plan, payment through exchange or offsetting, or a combination of these options.
  4. Hand-Over Date: The agreement should specify the date by which the seller is obligated to hand over the apartment to the buyer.
  5. Warranty: The agreement may include provisions for a warranty against hidden defects in the apartment, especially in the case of new construction.
  6. Termination of the Agreement: The agreement should establish the conditions under which either party may terminate the contract. These conditions may include non-payment by the buyer or the seller’s inability to hand over the apartment on the agreed-upon date.
  7. Liability for Damages: The agreement should clarify which party is responsible for any damages incurred to the apartment prior to handover.
  8. Costs: The agreement should clearly outline who will bear the costs associated with the transaction, such as notary fees, real estate transfer taxes, and legal fees.
  9. Property Rights: The agreement should confirm the transfer of all property rights from the seller to the buyer upon completion of the transaction.
  10. Dispute Resolution: The agreement may include provisions for resolving potential disputes between the seller and the buyer. This could involve mediation, arbitration, or legal proceedings.
  11. Late Handover Penalty: In some cases, the Purchase Agreement for a new apartment may include a penalty clause for late handover by the buyer or the completion of construction. This penalty is typically calculated as a daily percentage of the property’s value.
  12. Carefully Review and Negotiate: It is crucial to thoroughly review these provisions within the Purchase Agreement and negotiate with the seller (developer) if necessary. Implementing a contractual penalty for late handover safeguards the buyer’s financial interests.

Additional Tips for Safe Buying

  • Engage a Real Estate Attorney: Consulting with a real estate attorney before signing the Purchase Agreement is highly recommended. An attorney can assist in reviewing the agreement, advising you on your rights, and protecting your interests.
  • Take Your Time: Do not rush the process. Allow sufficient time to carefully read and understand the Purchase Agreement. Avoid feeling pressured to sign the agreement before you are fully confident in all the terms and conditions.
  • Understand Warranty Coverage: New apartments typically come with a warranty from the developer, covering potential defects in materials or workmanship for a specified period.

Purchasing an apartment in North Macedonia involves a series of steps and legal considerations. By carefully following the process, understanding the key elements of the Purchase Agreement, and seeking professional guidance, you can navigate the transaction smoothly and safeguard your rights as a buyer.

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